Home Outrage is the New Identity Politics
Home Outrage is the New Identity Politics

Outrage is the New Identity Politics

"The medium is the message," Marshall McLuhan said. The days of the medium however are being left far behind.

The newspaper, the radio and the television set that coiled together into the media to provide a bewildering array of information and entertainment have been infinitely complicated and simplified. The day when the last newspaper runs off the last printing press, the last radio broadcast fades into a hum of static and the last television signal winks out is not that far away. The internet is a true media,

The internet through the desktop, the television set and the mobile device is capable of duplicating the mediums we knew, but it also ushers in unlimited competition. Every medium was limited in the amount of content that it could or would provide. There were only so many pages in a newspaper, radio and television could only be experienced in real time and only as many programs as would fit into a broadcasting schedule on a single channel. Everything had limits. The internet has few limits.

The only meaningful hard limit on the internet is the human attention span. Content isn't quite infinite, but it easily surpasses what any single person could even begin to take in. The sheer amount of options alone exceed the available time to enumerate them at any given moment. Technological limits have been proven to be soft limits. But there's only so much human attention to go around.

Attention deficit disorder is already becoming the natural state of being as the human attention span is split down in unprecedented ways, relying on new shortcuts of virtual digital memory and tapping into infinite wells of content and interaction with even the most casual attempts at recollecting information. The medium shapes the message and it also shapes us.

The competition to create messages that can compete in the overcrowded internet media is producing messages that change us. Memes, like real viruses, create pathways of language into our minds to bypass our natural resistance to the escalating war for our attention. The more "one stupid trick" is used, the more resistant we become to it unless it takes on a special meaning for us.

The bloody competition by content creators turns every message into a shout for attention. The latest trends with their emphasis on social sharing and "You won't believe" headlines make content all but indistinguishable from what used to be spam. Like spam, the swamp of "viral" content consists of worthless or dangerous material that pretends to be compelling or fake content pretending to be real.

Television with its slow process of rolling out shows over months and waiting for them to catch on through water cooler talk seems insanely slow and risky in today's viral environment where it has to trend in a matter of hours or days. Instead reality television rules television because it's fast, cheap and it generates immediate responses. And the easiest response is enmity.

Reality television, like wrestling and social media, finds it a lot easier to sell a 'heel' than a hero. It's much easier to make people hate someone than to make them care about them. And the next best thing to the heel is the 'geek', not in the modern sense, but in the classic sense of a freak who does ridiculous and horrible things for the amusement of the public.

The heel and the geek are the staples of reality television and viral content with sidebars of kittens and strange facts about the 19th century for the latter. And all the former requires is finding unlikable people who fit a preconceived notion or stereotype. The rest is just a process of "casting" a heel and turning on the outrage machine.

The outrage machine defines people not by what they care about, but by what they hate. The crowded lanes of the internet media has distilled its messages to the primitive ones that maximize the odds of grasping that overtaxed attention span. This has made the internet into the natural habitat of the left.

The left was always better at hating than at any of the more positive emotions. It hates Sarah Palin or George W. Bush today much more than it loves Obama or Hillary. Its loves are fleeting, but its hatreds endure. Unlike the old lefties, it is far more passionate about what it opposes than what it supports.

Its real identity politics are not those of race or class, but of politics alone. The left cast aside religion and nationality to take on a purely political identity and on the internet, views are more real than race or country of origin. No one may know if you're a dog, but they do know what you like and what you hate and why those things make you an awful person.

The internet is the closest thing to its dream of a world without borders, but with denunciations and Red Guards trained in the intricacies of white privilege and meme manufacture to conduct the endless cultural revolutions. The implosion of the mass media outlets it once dominated led the transition to crowdsourced hate for the profitable clicks. CNN may be dead, but the Huffington Post is enormously profitable. Fake reporting the news no longer counts. Hate does.

The outrage machine runs all the way to the top. The prep work for the 2012 campaign consisted of turning on the outrage machine targeting specific demographics. It was the Huffington Post as a presidential campaign skipping from Sandra Fluke to the 47 percent to binders of women. Like the Huffington Post, it was ridiculously stupid and ridiculously successful. 

The internet killed liberalism and empowered the left, it eliminated the center and made restraint into a losing strategy. In the old media model, limited safe content was broadcast to a disempowered audience that was assumed to be as mainstream and uncontroversial as possible. In the new model, targeted content is aimed at an activist audience whose idea of uncontroversial is content that mainstream audiences would find controversial.

A commercial that offends 99 percent of the audience who will say nothing or confine themselves to a few angry letters, but pleases the 1 percent of the radical left who will aggressively promote it on social media is a safer investment than a non-controversial commercial featuring traditional values that pleases the undemonstrative 99 percent, but enrages the activist 1 percent that will attack the company on Twitter and then cover those attacks in Salon, Slate and The Atlantic, and then cover that second wave of reaction in Time and New York Times blogs feeding it ever upward until the anger of a tiny 1 percent minority becomes the dominant narrative while the silent majority is ignored.

'If you're not outraged, you're not paying attention' has become the business model.

Activism empowers only a small obsessive slice of the audience, but in a setup where peer-to-peer
social sharing requires individual participation in passing along the content, instead of passively sitting there and viewing it, the fringe activist audience counts for more because engagement is the real medium. A social medium values active engagement over passive approval. Its messages, whether they are pure politics or entertainment, have to be of a kind that will be passed along.

If the message is the virus, it must cater to the most engaged carriers and since the ability to transmit the message defines which social organizations thrive and which do not, those social groups who are best able to transmit the message are most likely to succeed and the most abrasive messages and the most hateful groups have a leg up on the competition because the social evolutionary landscape favors their form of social organization.

That is the outrage machine, a distributed network of human nodes constantly flaring to life in the search for the designated victim, the criminal act of political incorrectness, whose sharing reinforces the political identity of the group. The left is defined more by hatred of everything outside its ideology than anything else and so it needs these moments, these Two Minutes Hates to remind its members of who they are as individuals based on their membership in the group.

In Oceania, Big Brother, an unreal construct, was the collective identity of The Party. Today, Big Brother is the collective identity of the outrage machine, decentralized and operating peer-to-peer through political peer pressure. The love of Big Brother was the dissolution of self in the illusion of collective power. The modern Big Brother as a hashtag of hate unites the left in the illusion of power.


  1. Anonymous15/1/14

    All obviously true... but also look at internet engagement through volume, variety and velocity filters. Rightist sentiment can equally be marshaled in mirror fashion.

    Also, everything is transparent online. Recooked leftists memes might hold the attention of fringers but I'd suspect the freer, more robust critique from the Right these days would attract bigger, more engaged audiences.

    The first "interactive" medium -- talk radio-- is exclusively Right. I predict a similar online alignment as the Cathedral burns.

  2. Excellence, again, Mr. Greenfield.

  3. Everything you write here via true, but...As a consumer of primarily right-wing, small government memes, I can't help but notice that my side has its need for Emmanuel Goldstein's too. We love to find the most freakish actions of the other side, the most egregious actions to cluck over. Mutual demonization is a strategy that, in the end leads to gridlock and makes effective political action impossible. In effect "we" win because a bloated but nonfunctional government is almost as good as a small one (except for costing so damn much) . if we do come up against problems that require solutions where many people cooperate together, it has to occur outside of government, because nothing effective can happen within it.

  4. Wombat15/1/14

    1st paragraph no cat vids bored went youtube.



  5. Anonymous15/1/14

    The question is: How do we stop it?

  6. mmercier, thank you

    Wombat, next time I'll add a these 15 cats are having the worst time reading a 1,500 word article day

    Anon 1, I'm not sure there is such a thing as a 'big engaged audience' anymore. Everything is splitting into niches with their own codewords that identify them as associated with a particular group. I think the right is catching up slowly on the internet for that reason, it's held back by structural issues, the left still has much of the remaining media infrastructure and easier access to financing. AOL would not have bought and turned the Daily Caller into the linchpin of its news network.

    Bruce, absolutely. Much of this also applies to the right. Including to me. But we were always meant to have a balance of power. The problem is that the right is weaker in most areas so it's always a step behind. Gridlocked government is a solution to a leftist takeover of government. Which is why the left hates it so much.

    Anon 2, we can't stop human nature. We can't change the way that messaging occurs on the internet these days. All we can do is take advantage of it.

  7. Suggest you read Dave Egger's novel, "The Circle", to see where we're headed with this.

  8. I've read it. Would have been revolutionary in 1995. Now it's just life. These experiments were tried for real by some internet pioneers in the 90s.

    Look up We Live in Public

  9. IMHO, talk radio is right-winged because conservatives have no problem talking about their passions with others of the same view. OTOH, leftist talk radio never works because progressives get no satisfaction unless they are debating and overpowering opposing views. Conservatives are not compelled to call in for such interaction.

    This past weekend we watched, for no reason I can explain, the first Hunger Games movie. Not really our genre but... . Not really knowing anything about the story going in, what shocked me was the obvious parody on Reality TV and the exaggerated satiric representation of the shallowness of a society having been reordered and engineered by force. The ridiculous Dr. Seuss hairstyles and fashions. The idiotic Hollywood stereotyped MC. The oft used touchy-feelly quote to the kids who were about to die - “Welcome to the Hunger Games, may the odds be ever in your favor.” All this against the sober background of children being forced to kill each other while the cheering citizens of the totalitarian Panem view via high tech broadcast from cameras placed in every nook and cranny.

    Now I am forced to watch the sequel to see if the population wakes up. One wonders how close real life has become its own living parody.

  10. "Reality television, like wrestling and social media, finds it a lot easier to sell a 'heel' than a hero. It's much easier to make people hate someone than to make them care about them."

    How right your are because creating a hero is tough, challenging work. You have to think, something which the Left scrupulously condemns in favor of obedience.

    (If Left wing ideology could speak, it would bark something like 'We don't need no stinkin' thinking.')

    The Left will always be out in front in hating because that's all they've got. In order to like something, you have to have values which the Left always denounces as 'racist' or whatever the intellectually blackmailing slur of the moment is.

    For example, to like a person you have to distinguish between people and judge people as individuals, which is anathema to the Left with its egalitarian dogma.

    Reason always trumps unthinking emotion but it can be slow and painful getting there.

  11. DenisO15/1/14

    As usual, I agree, generally.
    It occurred to me that what you are essentially saying is that the loud screaming voice gets attention. Certainly, but that attention diminishes, when the screamer becomes the known quantity, and its success is limited, IMO.
    My experience is that the Left's media is not profitable, but depends on donations from rich patrons. That "the Huffington Post is enormously profitable" surprised me, but thinking about it, I remember finding reasonably objective reporting there, once or twice, when a link took me there. In fact, I found their "take" far more reasonable than the NY Times, on those occasions. I don't think pure hate is that powerful, frankly. Noise gets noticed, but it gets irritatingly boring, quickly, and they do try to out-scream one another.

  12. This has made the internet into the natural habitat of the left.

    I've noticed that, but I didn't really understand it until you explained it. Back in the late '90s and up until 2003-2004, I thought that it would be the other way.

  13. Anonymous15/1/14

    "In Oceania, Big Brother, an unreal construct, was the collective identity of The Party. Today, Big Brother is the collective identity of the outrage machine, decentralized and operating peer-to-peer through political peer pressure. The love of Big Brother was the dissolution of self in the illusion of collective power. The modern Big Brother as a hashtag of hate unites the left in the illusion of power. :

    Daniel. I've been watching videos of the movie version of 1985. There was an exchange among commenters about Goldstein and how he was treated as a traitor, as if he defected from Oceania. Another person said he did not exist. Do you think he was real?


  14. It's an open question as to whether any of the elements of the party's past are real or whether they have all been revised that no one knows anymore. But it seems likely that Goldstein was real in the same way Big Brother was real in that he was based on a template of an opposition figure in the past, whose name may have changed and who was played by an actor, but who at one point was a real opponent.

  15. In the late 90s I moved to a very left-leaning college town (kind of redundant saying that I guess) as a grad student. Having spent the last 4 or 5 years in college, I would have described myself as a democrat and I assumed that I agreed with the left more than the right.

    My route to campus every day took me past a car with the "If you're not outraged, you're not paying attention" bumper sticker and after a few weeks of passing it I had a sort of "existential questioning" moment. I knew that the sticker was an expression of left/liberalism, and I suddenly realized that, while I do pay attention, I did not want to spend my life in an outrage.

    And that, as I look back, was the beginning of my migration to the right.

  16. Anonymous17/1/14

    Everyone with a grudge is welcome to the house of the left, not because they really care about them but for its potential havoc. Then two options are presented: slow death by extending the government until total bankruptcy or sudden death where ‘antifa’ (google images) boys, urban youth and 2G muslim kids will burn the city to the ground. The obvious choice is the first and they count on it. Why do that? The moneys my friends. Big Gov pays handsomely.


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