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Home Israel in Twilight

Israel in Twilight

Obituaries rarely have twist endings and the obituaries of famous people are as predictable as the rain. The obituaries for Ariel Sharon, a man who died long ago, are falling now like distant rain.

The media left invokes the ghosts of Sabra and Shatila, a bout of inter-Arab violence that he had as much to do with as Jimmy Carter did with September 11, and describes him as a controversial figure. The right and the press releases from politicians claim he embodied all the qualities of Israel and was a mythical figure whose attributes were larger than life.

Sharon was certainly a larger than life figure because, like so many Israeli generals turned politicians, he built that myth. The generals of every country are also politicians. Those who cannot hack it as politicians, usually stay colonels. Israel's most famous generals invented their own reputations and made themselves into men of myth. Some were talented fighters, none were good leaders.

Israel's predicament today is the work of two mythical generals turned prime ministers who got halfway into a program and died leaving behind a mess that no one knows how to clean up.

Rabin and Sharon began ambitious ventures and then died early on. They used forceful tactics, steamrolling the opposition, bribing anyone who could be bribed and then left the project in the hands of their creepy and inept successors; Peres and Olmert.

Rabin's peace process destroyed Israel's national security and revitalized terrorism as a force in political affairs in Israel and around the world. It was the single worst decision in the short history of the modern State of Israel. To find a worse decision by an Israeli leader, it would be necessary to reach back to the Hasmonean kingdoms thousands of years ago.

It is not inconceivable that Rabin might have turned away from the peace process, especially as the public began to realize what a disaster it was. Rabin had never been especially enthusiastic about the idea, it had been thrust on him by the fringe left and he had grasped it as a hedge against the political oblivion of a Labor Party that had lost credibility in a new multicultural Israel no longer dominated by an elite that aspired to a Socialist myth of cooperatives and political bureaucracies.

That door was shut permanently by Rabin's death under mysterious circumstances at the hands of a gunman who was repeatedly urged to kill him by an informant working for the security services and who should never have been able to get within close range of the most protected man in Israel in a country whose security is second to none.

Conspiracy theories abound, but conspiracy theories do not bring back the dead.  

Rabin became the martyr of the peace process and his death is commemorated annually and intertwined with the commitment to peace. Schoolchildren are brought to hear about Rabin's legacy and the importance of following in his footsteps. Generations of Israeli youth were sacrificed to the peace process, their blood shed in the name of peace, until Israelis grew tired of the nightmare.

Sharon's rise to power was made possible by the disaster that Rabin created. Israelis had attempted to make earlier course corrections by voting for Netanyahu over Peres. But Netanyahu, then as now, proved not to have the backbone to change course and stop the terrorism. And so, after Barak's disastrous retreat from Lebanon, Sharon's hour came.

There had only been and still are only two politically acceptable options in Israel for dealing with terrorism; either negotiated appeasement or holding the line. The latter meant making occasional forays after a terrorist atrocity into the territories under Palestinian Authority control, arresting a few wanted terrorists and then pulling back, and hoping the public would be satisfied.

Voters expected Sharon to go further. And he did.

After the Passover Massacre in 2002, Sharon issued a brief statement in which he dropped one phrase. "As we speak, the IDF is already inside the 'Mukta'a' (Arafat's compound) in Ramallah." Israeli forces took the compound, a previously unprecedented act, and arrested Marwan Barghouti, the terrorist leader behind much of the violence, who has yet to be released despite international protests.

In a speech to the Knesset, Sharon said, "Our dead lie in a long row: women and children, young and old. And we stand facing them, facing the vacuum created by their murders, and we are speechless."

"The murderous gangs have a leader, a purpose, and a directing hand. They have one mission: to chase us out of here, from everywhere — from our home in Elon Moreh and from the supermarket in Jerusalem, from the cafe in Tel Aviv and from the restaurant in Haifa, from the synagogue in Netzarim — where the murderers slaughtered... worshippers, walking in their prayer shawls to morning prayers — and from the Seder table in Netanya."

"And there is one dispatcher: Palestinian Authority Chairman Yasir Arafat."

But it would not be Arafat who would chase Israeli Jews out of the synagogue in Netzarim. Sharon would do that. All that would be left for Arafat's gangs would be to burn down the synagogue after its worshipers were gone.

Of the two options, negotiating or holding the line, Sharon had decided to choose a third option.

Few commanders like to do the predictable thing and Israeli generals have a weakness for seeking an impossible alternative and then making it work. Sometimes they succeed, other times they fail.

Sharon aspired to cut the Gordian Knot of negotiations and terrorism by putting as much space, real or virtual, as possible between the Palestinian Authority and the Israeli population. There were to be no more negotiations and no more fruitless raids. Arafat could have the land he already controlled and would be kept out of the rest. It was a retreat meant as a consolidation.

The strategy was not an original one. The 'separation wall' that every trendy lefty denounces was begun by Rabin. The unilateral withdrawal from Gaza and the ethnic cleansing of the Jews living there wrapped up the strategy. But it was a bad strategy from the start.

Separation worked and it didn't. Israeli casualties dropped sharply since 2002. The days of the constant urban suicide bombing have receded into history. Israeli parents still worry, but the atmosphere isn't what it was a decade ago.  Terrorist attacks are less successful than before and many Israelis are once again able to convince themselves that a West Bank withdrawal will stop putting soldiers and settlers at risk and end the terrorism threat once and for all.

Sharon, like Rabin, left behind an unfinished strategy, but his was the more tangled one. If Rabin was making a terrible mistake, many wonder whether Sharon had a bigger plan than mere separation. Did he intend for the Hamas takeover to happen all along to bring down the Palestinian Authority and end the farce of empty negotiations? Did he have an endgame that would have shifted the strategic landscape?.

Death has closed the door on these questions as firmly as it did on Rabin's second thoughts.

After Sharon, the country has floundered with no meaningful strategy except the old one of holding a shrinking line. The separation wall helped keep out suicide bombers, but not rockets and for the first time in a long time, rockets struck Tel Aviv and Jerusalem.

Netanyahu has operated clumsily in the strategic twilight zone. On economic issues, he is a polished player, but his only strategic vision is to stick to the same defensive pathway, negotiating defensively and fighting defensively.

Israel's conservatives are overrun with the princes and princesses, the children and grandchildren of great men and women who are themselves diffident or destructive, who have no vision, but have grown up expecting to have political power handed to them. Sharon's victory was a symptom of the inability of that generation to present credible leaders either from the right or the left.

The country's current predicament was shaped by two men, one born in 1922 and the other in 1928; both products of the old left and of the military establishment. The baby boomer new left has done its damage, but there has been little in the way of leadership from that generation. Now that generation has grown old, it has done a decent job of modernizing and privatizing Israel, but it has no answers to its strategic questions. It can't even begin to formulate the questions.

The Netanyahus and Baraks, the Israeli leaders who were born in the forties, are now in their sixties, and it isn't likely that they will dominate Israel into their seventies and eighties the way that Sharon, Rabin and Peres did. Their successors, men like Yair Lapid and Naftali Bennett, were born in the sixties and seventies and they are now coming into their own.

It will be up to Generation X to solve Israel's strategic problem. That is assuming that they ever get the chance.

Rabin's strategy put Israel on the path to oblivion. Sharon's strategy did little more than continue the process of buying time. Instead of a grand vision, he settled for a useless oral agreement with the US that Obama disavowed, another round of expulsions and no plan for fighting the growing threat of the terrorist states on the other side of the shifting border.

Strength is not a substitute for vision. A vision may need strong men to carry it out, but elevating strong men with no vision is a recipe for disaster. The military mind often considers the best answer for the moment and has a weakness for conventional wisdom and the advice of experts.

Israel fell into the trap of allowing military men and security figures to make too many decisions that
should have been made by popular consensus and the results were disastrous. And in their absence it has failed to develop leaders, instead allowing their place to be taken by generals and the post-ideological descendants of ideological figures.

The peace process is a gaping wound that Israel is unable to close. The public has no meaningful representation, instead an incestuous gang of quarreling post-ideological politicians who pretend to stand for the right or the left or for pragmatic solutions, for the Russians and the Haredim, for the Sefardim and for the working people, are squandering the time that the country is already short on for their own careers and their own wealth.

Israel has military experts and economic experts and both groups are talented and capable, but they lack the combination of vision and determination that makes for leadership. There are too many Netanyahus, smart and competent men, who know what needs to be done and lack the determination to do it, and there are too many Sharons, who have the strength and determination, but not the wisdom.

This is not an usual state of affairs in human history, but Israel cannot afford to exist in twilight, going along with the flow until something changes. If it were in a peaceful part of the world, if its people were not murderously hated by billions, if it were not constantly at war, it could move through an undistinguished prosperity without worry or doubt; but that is not its fate.

The Jewish State cannot persist in twilight. It will either fall into the darkness of an old night or step into the light of a new day.


  1. For the lot of good Sharon did for his country his soul shall not have to endure further cleansing as "Twilight "was what I thought off where G'd had put Sharon into for eight years to have him endure his punishment in this life rather than in the next for him having removed Jews from Jewish soil.
    Leaders like the ones you mention can not lead anymore in the traditional way we are used to thanks to them standing in the lime-light 24/7 thanks to the all seeing cloud of constant communication and the surrounding world reacting to each and every aspect of their every deed and word, trampling any budding plan and idea in the core by national and international waves of comment and criticism, be it positive or negative it shall prevent maturing. Israel shall in a manner have to return to the period before the people asked for a "King to be placed above them like the peoples surrounding us". There shall have to be a sort of totally new and to be tested "crowd-governing" even if this crowd consists of the elders and judges as Yitro had advised.

  2. Davieboy16/1/14

    Hi Daniel, I tend to read your posts every day and generally agree with you on most things. It helps that you write so fluidly and articulately.
    I realise I've neglected to thank you for your excellent essays, so....thanks!

  3. mindrider, or the rogue warlords and prophets who were the judges

    davieboy, thank you, I appreciate that

  4. Anonymous16/1/14

    So how do you stop the endless cycle of killing? As I see it the Arabs will kill all the Jews or the Jews kill all the Arabs. It is a hate so old and so deep that it seems to have no end but Genocide. The Jewish State seems to have the bravest people on earth led by the most inept. So what is to be done?----Ray

    1. how do you define cycle?
      When did you meet a Jew who wished anyone G-d forbid dead?

  5. Anonymous16/1/14

    Ray, it could be worse. What if Israel were led by our inepts?

  6. Sultan, there are some leaders who have the vision and determination but they cant seem to win elections. Dr. Aryeh Eldad, or Michael Ben-Ari are the perfect examples.

  7. Yes I know and that's the problem

  8. Kol Bo Gary16/1/14

    Daniel, my biggest fear is that you are correct. I like Netanyahu, but fear that, despite his rhetoric, he may not have the stones to stand up for the hard line needed. Anyone who is not a Jew hater, or an Israel hater, can clearly see that peace will never be made with the PLO/PA/Hamas, etc. The younger pols, like Naftali Bennet, look to be the answer. Let's hope Israel survives to get to their leadership.

  9. Mr. Greenfield, if strong & determined leaders with a vision cannot
    get elected then I wonder what kind of vision they have. What in your opinion would constitute a vision which could galvanize the Israeli electorate to elect leaders who possess such a vision? It's one thing to talk vaguely about a vision which would enable Israel to step into the light, but are you able to describe such a vision? You seem to imply that you have some ideas in this regard.

  10. Anonymous16/1/14

    A great leadership, at least in the realm of ideas, is provided by Dr Martin Sherman. He has a very well argued plan on how to move forward. Alex

  11. a vision may need to be more internal in Israeli politics, rather than something you win elections with, that's the problem

    Winning elections in Israeli politics involves dealing with people's grievances and there are a whole bunch of those

  12. David16/1/14

    Buying the Arabs out, as Feiglin advises, seems to be the only answer.

  13. The last chapter has not yet been written...Between Syrian and Iraqi refugees + the Palestinian population, it's hard to see how the Jordanian monarchy can survive more than a little while longer. You could say it will only last as long as Israel lets it last. With fall of Abdallah, the entire strategic jigsaw puzzle will be jumbled. Who knows where that goes? But in the end, that'll be Palestine. West of the river will be Israel. It'll take a quality of ruthlessness that we're not used to allowing ourselves to express; i.e., in the upheaval, we will have throw them out. The world won't like it...So what's new?

  14. Anonymous17/1/14

    Olmert smh

    Sharon Gush Katif:(


  15. DenisO17/1/14

    I think everyone will agree that the problem is the "hate" generated in the Mosques, that keeps the Mullahs in power. It must always be there, whether directed externally or against opposing Muslim sects. People there are not that different from people everywhere; they all struggle to survive, but their leaders can convince them it is a holy thing to die for hate.
    The West is full of Muslims, now, and those societies are targets of the same power-hungry religious leaders, whose hate-somebody strategy keeps them in control. Until the World "realizes" the danger inherent in this so-called religion, Israel will be the favored target of opportunity, for obvious reasons. Sometimes, special tactics are needed to convince...
    The Muslim world needs to be freed from its religious leaders, and that should be the focus of the fight.

  16. There are too many Netanyahus, smart and competent men, who know what needs to be done and lack the determination to do it, and there are too many Sharons, who have the strength and determination, but not the wisdom.

    As you say, this is far from unusual. It's twilight all over the world. We are probably all going one way or the other together.

  17. DenisO17/1/14

    My comment on forwarding this article to friends, most former military officers:

    On Ariel Sharon's death, a detailed look at the history that has led to a current wishy-washy Country. Once upon a time, a stable Israel existed as a feared, aggressively defensive Nation. Politically-correct thinking and total dependence on America has a fearful leadership with their backs against the wall, and they can't see a way out. They seem to cringe, waiting for the flash of destruction. There is no ally in the U.S. Government, so they better get back on their ass-kicking horse and change their image. Punishment, quickly applied without explanation, speaks volumes, and gets their enemies looking for weaker, more passive targets of their hate-religion.

  18. This is the best and most insightful article that I have read in my memory (don't want to use the hyperbole "ever"!)

    It clearly points out that democracy in Israel (as elsewhere) has been subverted by ego, greed, personal ambition, and not what is best for the country and the people. (Elsewhere, as you pointed out, it is not so much an existential question.)

    There is no political, diplomatic solution to a problem where the immutable goal of one party to the conflict is to end the existence of the other. There is an inevitable storm approaching. Surely there is some leader, somewhere, that is prepared to offer the electorate a voice, a clear choice, which will entail a groundswell support for ACTING now; facing down a threatening "international community"; accepting the cost in blood, treasure, lives, and the RISK of actually losing, as opposed to the CERTAINTY of doing so by continuing the present retreat strategy.

  19. Anonymous20/1/14

    We Jews are going to have to fight like we believe that Israel is our G-d-given land. We will have to be more afraid of what G-d will think of us for not doing it than what the rest of the world will think of us for doing it. We will have to stop making excuses for those want us dead. We have to stop thinking that if we "understood" our enemies and they "understood" us, then there could be peace. We need to act like we are in a war of survival, because we are.


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