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A Holiday of Resistance

The first night of Chanukah marks the beginning of a holiday that for many of its celebrants has no identity, that celebrates 'celebration', with no thought to what it is celebrating. For many Americans, Chanukah appears to overlap with Christmas, but there is no similarity between the two other than the season. The more appropriate analogy is to the 4th of July overlaid with Thanksgiving, a celebration of divine aid in a military campaign against tyrannical oppression.

The overt militarism of the Chanukah story has made it an uncomfortable fit for many Jews who have found it easier to strip away its dangerous underlying message that a time comes when you must choose between the destruction of your culture and a war you can't win. In those dark days a war must be fought if the soul of the nation is to survive.

There are worse things than death and slavery, the fates waiting for the Maccabees and their allies had they failed, the fates that came anyway when the last of the Maccabees were betrayed and murdered by Caesar's Edomite minister, whose sons went on to rule over Israel as the dynasty of Herod.

Nations can survive the mass murder of their bodies, but not the death of their spirit. A nation does not die, until its soul dies, and the soul of a nation is in its culture and its faith, not in the bodies of its citizens.

Tonight that first candle, that first glimmer of flame over oil, marks the night that the Maccabee forces entered Jerusalem, driving out the enemy armies and their Jewish collaborators, and reclaiming their people's culture and religion.

The light of the flame was a powerful message sent across time, that even in the darkest hour, hope was not lost. And Divine Providence would not abandon the people. Time passed the Maccabees fell, Jerusalem was occupied and ethnically cleansed over and over again, and still the menorah burned on. A covert message that still all hope was not lost. That Israel would rise again. 

Israel had used signal fires and torches held up on mountain tops to pass along important news. The lighting of the menorah was a miniature signal fire, a perpetuation of the temple light, its eight-day light a reminder that even the smallest light can burn beyond expectation and light beyond belief and that those who trust in G-d and fight for the freedom to believe in Him, should never abandon hope.

That divine signal fire first lit in the deserts by freed slaves has been passed on for thousands of years. Today the menorah is on the seal of the State of Israel, the product of a modern day Chanukah. The mark of a Jerusalem liberated in a miracle of six days, not eight. Six as in the number of the original temple Menorah. And the one on the seal as well.

For those liberals who believe that Jewish identity should be limited to donating to help Haiti, agitating for illegal aliens and promoting the environment; Chanukah is a threatening holiday. They have secularized it, dressed it up with teddy bears and toys, trimmed it with the ecology and civil rights of their new faith. Occasionally a Jewish liberal learns the history of it and writes an outraged essay about nationalism and militarism, but mostly they are content to bury it in the same dark cellar that they store the rest of the history of their people and the culture that they left behind.

Holidays aren't mere parties, they are messages. Knots of time that we tie around the fingers of our lives so that we remember what our ancestors meant us to never forget. That they lived and died for a reason. The party is a celebration, but if we forget what it celebrates, then it becomes a celebration of celebration. A hollow and soulless festival of the self. The Maccabees fought because they believed they had something worth fighting for. Not for their possessions, but for their traditions, their families and their G-d. The celebration of Chanukah is not just how we remember them, but how we remember that we are called upon to keep their watch. To take up their banner and carry their sword.

History is a wheel and as it turns, we see the old continents of time rising again, events revisiting themselves as the patterns of the past become new again. Ancient battles become new wars. And old struggles have to be re-fought again until we finally get them right.

Modiin, the rural center of the old Maccabee resistance, is a revived city today, larger than it ever was. Modiin-Maccabim has some 80,000 people living there. In the ancient days, this was where the Maccabee clan rose against the Seleucid conquerors over religious freedom. Today it is a place that the European Union labels an illegal settlement. A place that Jews have no right to live even though it is within sight of the Maccabees who lived and died there. Over two thousand years after Chanukah, Jews are still not allowed to live in peace in Modiin.

The new Maccabees are farmers and teachers, men and women who build families and homes in the lands of their ancestors, who brave the threats of terrorists and international tyrants to live their lives and raise their children. Knowing that they will not be allowed to live in peace, that everything they stand for is hated by the UN, in the capitals of great empires and even by their own government, they still put flame to wick and mark the first day of many days of the miracle that revived the spirit of a nation and inspires it to this day.

Nor are they allowed to live in peace in Jerusalem. In Cairo, the Muslim Brotherhood dispatches paid rapists to harass protesters and runs torture chambers for opponents of Morsi, without a word of direct condemnation from Washington. But Jewish homes always earn a swift condemnation from Washington and Brussels.

Not only may Jews not live in Modiin, but they may not live in Jerusalem either. And yet they do. They persist, to the eternal frustration of empires, in this quiet resistance of building a future with their buildings, their bodies and their lives. They persist in living where so many would like them to die. And they persist in lighting the menorah when so many would rather that it be forgotten.

The Jew today is called on to forget. To turn his children into bricks in order to construct the utopia of their new world order. To bend to the progressive wheel and wear the social justice chain, and cast his own offspring into the sea of zero population growth. To give up his  nation, his land, his faith and his future to toil in the shadow of the pyramids of socialism. To go down to labor in Egypt once more, in South America and Haitian slums, in barrios and villages, in ghettos and madinas, to give up who he is in order to serve others in the new slavery of social justice.

It takes courage to resist physical oppression, but it takes even greater courage to resist cultural oppression. The terms of physical resistance are easy to understand. Force is used against force. Cultural resistance is far more difficult, and by the time the necessity for it is apparent, it can often be too late.The Maccabees had to resist not only physical oppression and armed force, but the cultural oppression of a system that regarded their monotheism, their nationalism, their traditions and rituals as barbaric. A system that much of their own fellow Jews had already accepted as right and proper.

The Maccabees rose up not only against physical oppression, Israel had and would face that over and over again, they rose up against an assault on their religious and cultural  identity.  The lighting of the Menorah is the perpetuation of that cultural resistance and when it is performed properly then it reminds us that cultural oppression, like physical oppression, is ubiquitous, and that just as the forms of cultural oppression can often go unnoticed, so too the resistance to it can go unnoticed as well.

Every year that we celebrate Chanukah, the left makes another attempt to "desecrate the temple" by destroying its meaning and replacing it with the usual grab bag of social justice issues under the union label of "Tikkun Olam". And each time we push back against their ruthless assault on Jewish history and tradition the same way that the Maccabees did, by reclaiming our sacred places, cleaning away the filth left behind by the occupiers, and lighting the Menorah to remind us of who we are.

Chanukah marks the culmination of the Maccabee campaign for the liberation of Jerusalem. It is the time when we remember the men and women who refused to submit to the perversion of their values and the theft of their land. It reminds us that we must not allow our land to be stolen under any guise or allow our religion, history and culture to be perverted on any pretext. The light of the Menorah reminds us that the sacredness of a nation is in its spirit and that preserving that spirit is an eternal struggle against the conquerors of land and the tyrants of souls.

Chanukah is a Holiday of Resistance. It commemorates the physical and spiritual resistance that is required of us sooner or later in all times. Chanukah takes us back to the armed resistance and the moral awakening that liberated Jerusalem and connected the Jewish people with their G-d once again. And that reminds us to never give up, not in the face of an assault on our bodies or on our culture. The lights go out, but they are lit again, each day, for thousands of years, reminding us to hold on to our traditions and our faith, rather than trade them in for the trendy trinkets and cheap jewelery of progressive liberalism.

To light the menorah on Chanukah is to pass on a signal fire that has been kept lit for thousands of years. From the first holiday of Passover, after which the freed slaves kindled the first Menorah, to the final holiday of Chanukah, that light burns on. The historical cycle of Jewish holidays begins with Moshe confronting Pharaoh and demanding the freedom of the Jewish people. It ends with the Maccabees standing up to the tyranny of Antiochus and fighting for the right of the Jewish people to live under their own rule on their own land.

The lights of the menorah embody the spirit of the Jewish people. A spirit that has outlived the atrocities of every tyrant. In the heart of the flame that has burned for a thousand years lives the soul of a people.


  1. Very Nice.
    Chanukah Sameach!

  2. Anonymous9/12/12

    Beautiful piece, Sultan Knish. My kids and I were discussing this very issue at Shabbos lunch today, and it made for lively conversation. They, like most religiously well-educated, bright Orthodox youngsters, really get it. And they will teach their children to get it too. Am Yisroel Chai!

  3. A moving column Daniel.

    The best, be it romanticized, book written about the Maccabean uprising is My Glorious Brothers, by the communist (sic!) Howard Fast in 1948 with as an essential conclusion the chapter the report to the senate by a roman legate Luntulus Silanus perfectly describes all essence in the divide in Judaic vs Gentile cultural philosophy.

    Hannukah sameach.
    p.s. btw only Modi'in-Elite is considered across the "green line"Modi'in-Maccabim is not.

  4. When we were in Israel several years ago, my wife, son and I drove up to Haifa, then over to the sea of Galilee, then southward along the Jordan all the way to Qumran and a little beyond. By the time we turned westward, away from the Dead Sea, and then looped back up to Jerusalem, night had fallen.
    I remember seeing the settlements glinting ominously on the hillsides at night, sadly surrounded by their scissory fences.
    I still admire those settlers. Keep your flames burning, settlers of Israel!
    Here's a song, from Psalm 34, that we Christians used to sing, with a slow lullaby back in the 1980s:
    "The angel of the Lord encampath round them that fear Him, and delivereth them."

  5. Pam Dale9/12/12

    Bless you, Daniel Greenfield. Your work is another light unto the world.

  6. Márcia9/12/12

    Yes. כן
    Happy Chanukah, Daniel, and thank you.

  7. Shlomo ben Shmuel9/12/12

    Wonderful piece. It really focuses on the REAL meaning of Chanukah, rather than the idolatrous imitation of the goyish holiday. I have just been reading Meir Kahane's book, "Uncomfortable Questions for Comfortable Jews", and I find that it is making essentially the same point. Certainly in Israel we are going to lose, unless we make of Israel a truly JEWISH state, and not a poor copy of the US.

  8. Anonymous9/12/12

    Magnificent. This is the best piece about Chanukah that I’ve ever read. It’s a meaningful and true remembrance of what is being celebrated. Inspiring. Resistance, yes!

  9. Anonymous9/12/12

    its wonderful message to all jewish in this world..Some jewish, forget where they came from and thier heritage as well...happy hanukah to all people in israel....i like the chanukah song MA'OZ TZUR and DRAYDL.

  10. Anonymous9/12/12

    Mindrider, thank you for the referral to My Glorious Brothers. I just ordered it from the Public Library. As a Gentile, I admire the valor of the Maccabees when their "culture war" went from pen to sword.

    I have no problem with respect for others' Traditions than my own. From the heart, no irony express nor implied, Happy Chanukah.

    -- Robert Pinkerton

  11. Anonymous9/12/12

    This Catholic will light a menorah in support, for we all really DO stand together before our God.Thank you for this inspiring piece, Sir.

  12. The column would resonate more if Mr. Greenfield were living in Israel.

  13. Marshall McClusky9/12/12

    "This Catholic will light a menorah "
    I am a Catholic supporter of Israel but I will not light one as I know a Jewish person would not light a tree or candle in support of the onslaught against Christmas in the world right now.
    That being said, however, I stand with Israel's right to exist and be in peace.

  14. A Common Commenter9/12/12

    Alan Edelstein would resonate more if he were not living on the left coast.

  15. A common 'tater9/12/12

    Very inspiring and thought provoking. I suppose the same shrunken brains that refuse to recognize the true story and ideals of Chanukah do the same with the Feast of Purim (story or Esther). The fact that the Jewish people have survived despite deportations, pogroms, and the holocaust should tell us something (maybe there really is someone greater than us?). For us in America, Independence Day, Veterans Day, Thanksgiving, and Memorial Day are just days to eat like vacuum cleaners, watch ball games, get paid to stay home, and otherwise not recall the great personal and national sacrifices these holidays were intended to recognize. A trip to Arlington or Punchbowl or other national cemetery is a sobering journey that most people will never make. We will also most likely end up just another footnote in history.

  16. Raymond in DC10/12/12

    It is sad that even as we light those candles, IDF forces are finding themselves hamstrung by restrictive rules of engagement for dealing with trouble-makers surrounding them. With political leaders, as Daniel noted only recently, ever dreading "an incident", there's always the fear of making it worse by making them mad. So soldiers are told not to engage, even to run away. Defend yourself if you must, but be prepared to be second-guessed, even prosecuted if you're wrong.

    While many soldiers have the spirit of the Maccabees, that spirit is often lacking in their leaders or former leaders. Consider former Chief of Staff Ashkenazi, who today argues Israel should unilaterally withdraw from yet more Jewish-held land.

  17. The Hasmoneans had to deal with Hellenized Jews as much as they had to deal with the Selucids. The Hellenized Jews were as large a problem as the Syrians were. Lest we forget that tradition tells us most of the Jews in Egypt stayed behind and didn't follow Moshe either. The temptation to assimilate is terrific.

  18. Fantastic and very inspiring article! Thank you

  19. This is a link to my favorite Chanukah song, Mi Yimalel. Great video IMO and when Alberto Mizrahi joins in...it puts me in fighting mode.

  20. Chanukah sameach from me, Caleb the cat and my four betta splendens (betta fish).

  21. LOL. I forgot the link to Mi Yimalel


  22. Anonymous10/12/12

    I have noted that whenever evil and oppression come, they tend to come after the Jews. I am a secular American, and I stand with the Jews and with Israel.

  23. Thank you Daniel. Whatever else is going on in the world, it is good to stop right here, near this very special kind of light, to forget about rushing anywhere else, to suddenly find my inner self on the receiving end of the signal.

  24. Anonymous11/12/12

    a profound, beautiful article, as always....

    unfortunately, one can't help comparing it to the recent new york times op-ed by hilary leila krieger on the same subject. krieger's piece was fine, in the way that a partly cloudy day is fine. but this is a blinding sunlight. why does the times always want to publish the fair instead of the brilliant?

    -- spanky

  25. Just came across this new Matisyahu song, this musical style is not quite my cup of tea, but that said, this one is so much fun, that even under threat of eternal ban I cannot resist posting it here: Matisyahu - "Happy Hanukkah"

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